One of the frequently asked questions in Thesis/Research Coach of this blog is how to develop a framework — conceptual and theeoretical — for a thesis outline. Here’s the advice I have always given my own thesis students …
A framework is simply the structure of the research idea or concept and how it is put together. A conceptual framework elaborates the research problem in relation to relevant literature. This section may summarize the major (dependent and independent) variables in your research. The framework may be summarized in a schematic diagram that presents the major variables and their hypothesized relationships. It should also cover the following:
- Existing research and its relevance for your topic
- Key ideas or constructs in your approach
- Identify and discuss the variables related to the problem.
- Conceptualized relationships between variables
- Present a schematic diagram of the relationships between key variables and discuss the relationship of the elements/variables
- Statement of hypotheses
Independent variables (presumed cause)
Dependent variables (presumed effect)
Intervening variables (other variables that influence the effect of the independent variable)
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