Jinhua College students during survey procedures training

One of the frequently asked questions in Thesis/Research Coach of this blog is how to develop a framework — conceptual and theeoretical — for a thesis outline. Here’s the advice I have always given my own thesis students …

A framework is simply the structure of the research idea or concept and how it is put together.  A conceptual framework elaborates the research problem in relation to relevant literature. This section may summarize the major (dependent and independent) variables in your research. The framework may be summarized in a schematic diagram that presents the major variables and their hypothesized relationships. It should also cover the following:

  • Existing research and its relevance for your topic
  • Key ideas or constructs in your approach
  • Identify and discuss the variables related to the problem.
  • Conceptualized relationships between variables
  • Independent variables (presumed cause)
    Dependent variables (presumed effect)
    Intervening variables (other variables that influence the effect of the independent variable)

  • Present a schematic diagram of the relationships between key variables and discuss the relationship of the elements/variables
  • Statement of hypotheses

For sample conceptual frameworks, click here and here .

155 Responses to Writing the thesis outline: Conceptual framework

  1. devcompage says:

    Kathlyn, perhaps you can improve your thesis title to: Determinants of reading readiness of grade one public and private school pupils. It will be useful to compare grade one pupils from public and private schools.

  2. devcompage says:

    Gretchen, this is a development communication site, not animal science. It will like a blind leading the blind so I won’t pretend to know something on swine production. Thanks for dropping by.

  3. ella says:

    how can i make a conceptual framework through my topic structural data and analysis?

  4. racheal says:

    Good day ma’am. my master thesis topic is ‘the impact of franchising on economic impact in developing countries – a case study of retail Franchising in Zambia. what are your views on this topic.

  5. devcompage says:

    Racheal, your topic is on economics and I am not an expert on that. This site is about communication science.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>